joule chemistry example

Return to top of page. Answer: The specific heat capacity of … For example, if someone measures a tenth of one joule, the correct way to write this measurement using metric prefixes is the decijoule, or dJ. P. Joule had assumed to be the same at all temperatures. Joule to Electron Volt Conversion Example Problem, How to Solve an Energy From Wavelength Problem, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. Joules can also be converted from calories, as calories are another unit of energy. and T i to p, T, C p. m and the van der Waals constants a and b. ; The energy required to lift a medium-size apple (100 g) 1 meter vertically from the surface of the Earth. For more information in general have a look at the help center. The SI unit of energy is the joule ( J ). According to Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, argon's J-T coefficient (unit: K/MPa) is 3.7 at 0.1 MPa, 2.6 at 10 MPa. Convert 600 joules to thermochemical calories. newton meters [Nm] and for work is joules [J] . This means that you already have 108 thousand joules of kinetic energy for every kg. $\begingroup$ Welcome to Chemistry.SE! However, when the word is written out, it is written in lowercase (joule instead of Joule, unless it begins a sentence). One joule is the kinetic energy of a tennis ball moving 6 meter per second. Gravitational potential energy is a result of the gravitational attraction between the object and the Earth. Example. The unit of heat assumed in the table is the calorie at 20° C., which is taken as equal to 4.180 joules, as explained in the article Calorimetry. The Value 4.180 Joules At 20° C. Is The Mean Between Rowland'S Corrected Result 4.181 And The Value 4.179, Deduced From The Experiments Of Reynolds And Moorby On The Assumption That The Ratio Of The Mean Specific Heat O° To 100° To That At 20° Is 1.043'6, As Given By The Formulae Representing The Results Of Callendar And Barnes. Alternatively, it is the amount of work done on an object when a force of one newton acts in the direction of the object's motion over a distance of one meter (1 joule equal 1 newton meter or N⋅m). Example 3.9: Use the van der Waals equation to derive an equation relating μ J.T. The heel seat is capable of absorbing 20 joules of energy. Assoc. Joule definition is - a unit of work or energy equal to the work done by a force of one newton acting through a distance of one meter. The Result Found Was 4.191 Joules Per Calorie At 19° C. This Agrees Very Well With Griffiths Considering The Difficulty Of Measuring So Small A Rise Of Temperature At 2° With A Mercury Thermometer. joules per square meter (usually for pulsed lasers ). 11. In science, the joule is the unit of energy or work. The electron volt is a unit of energy suited to energies involved in atomic studies. The joule (symbol: J) is the basic SI unit of energy.A joule is equal to the kinetic energy of a kilogram mass moving at the speed of one meter per second (one joule is a kg⋅m 2 ⋅s −2).Alternatively, it is the amount of work done on an object when a force of one newton acts in the direction of the object's motion over a distance of one meter (1 joule equal 1 newton meter or N⋅m). 10° 15° 20° 2 5° 3 O ° 35° Joules Per Cal. 1 kilojoule = 1,000 joules Heat is more commonly expressed in the metric system in terms of either calories or kilocalories. Take the tour to get familiar with this site. If 26.2 Joules of energy are added to a 11.1 gram sample… One joule is equal to the work it takes to make a watt of power for a second, or to move a body one meter with a one-Newton force. Energy measurement in Joules. The gravitational potential energy stored in the wrecking ball is determined by the mass of the ball, its heigh… Worked Examples of Converting Joules to Kilojoules, and, Kilojoules to Joules . The SI unit of work is the joule ( J ). By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Mathematical expressions and equations can be formatted using $\LaTeX$ syntax. m2/s2 which is also 0.2390 calorie. Chemistry Dictionary. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com. Example: If 10 kilograms of water are heated from 10 degrees Celsius to 50 degrees Celsius, how much energy (in joules) did they absorb? Joule, unit of work or energy in the International System of Units (SI); it is equal to the work done by a force of one newton acting through one metre. Unanticipated, Thomson and Joule met later that year in Chamonix. quintillion joules of energy per second each. One J is defined as the amount of energy expended by a force of 1 newton … Because of their interrelationships, energy, work, and heat have the same units. W. Hampson (1895) in England and C. von Linde (1895) in Germany employed the Joule-Thomson cooling effect for the manufacture of liquid air on a … A joule (/ ˈ dʒ aʊ l / or sometimes / ˈ dʒ uː l /) is a unit in the SI system. Joule definition, the standard unit of work or energy in the International System of Units (SI), equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves through a distance of one meter in the direction of the force: equivalent to 107 ergs and one watt-second. joule. The power conditioner will also have a " joule" rating. P. Joule found that magnetization did not increase proportionately with the current, but reached a maximum (Sturgeon's Annals of Electricity, 1839, 4). The unit is used in all equations and calculations involving energy. Following SI conventions, joules are abbreviated with a capital J because the term is derived from a proper name, though if spelled out, it is not capitalized. When the ball is suspended in the air, gravity is exerting a particular amount of downward force per unit of mass of the ball. A joule it the amount of energy needed to life a medium tomato up one meter or is the energy release when dropping that same tomato from a height of one meter. Examples of Energy of 1 Joule. When working with energy values typical for the atomic scale, the joule is too large of a unit to be effective. 3. measure is equivalent to 4.177 joules per calorie at 16.5° C., on the scale of Joule's mercury thermometer. 1. 1 cal th = 4.184 J. The Joule-Thomson effect also known as Kelvin–Joule effect or Joule-Kelvin effect is the change in fluid’s temperature as it flows from a higher pressure region to lower pressure. All Rights Reserved. How to convert from joules to calories Joules to thermochemical calories. It measures energy; usually in scientific or electrical appliances . The energy in thermochemical calories E (calth) is equal to the energy in joules E (J) divided by 4.184: E (cal) = E (J) / 4.184. This unit is taken as being 4.180 joules per gramme-degree-centigrade on the scale of the platinum thermometer, corrected to the absolute scale as explained in the article Thermometry, Which Has Been Shown To Be Practically Equivalent To The Hydrogen Scale. There are 4.19 joules … 10. Report, 1899, with a slight modification Specific Heat Of Water In Terms Of Unit At 20° C. 4.180 Joules to allow for the increase in the specific heat below 20° C. This was estimated in 1899 as being equivalent to the addition of the constant quantity 0.020 to the values of the total heat h of the liquid as reckoned by the parabolic formula (5). $\endgroup$ – Martin - マーチン ♦ Nov 22 '16 at 5:48 The large Hadron Collider produces collisions in the order of 1 microjoule per particle. Heterocyclic Chemistry Joule Smith Amazon com Books. The Result Calculated On These Assumptions Is Given In The Last Column In Joules, And Also In Calories Of 20° C. The Heatloss In This Example Is Large, Nearly 4.5% Of The Total Supply, Owing To The Small Flow And The Large Rise Of Temperature, But This Correction Was Greatly Reduced In Subsequent Observations On The Specific Heat Of Water By The Same Method. To know the answer you just have to divide 42/60, which will result in: 0.7Watts. Gravitational energy is the potential energy stored in a body due to its vertical height from the ground. If this also fails a third shock using 360 joules is employed. measure is equivalent to 4.177 joules per calorie at 16.5° C., on the scale of Joule's mercury thermometer. By Ohm'S Law, And By The Definition Of Difference Of Electric Pressure Or Potential, We Obtain The Following Alternative Expressions For The Quantity Of Heat H In Joules Generated In A Time T Seconds By A Current Of C Amperes Flowing In A Wire Of Resistance R Ohms, The Difference Of Potential Between The Ends Of The Wire Being E = Cr Volts: H=Ect=Crt=E Z T/R. Many processes occur with energy changes in thousands of joules, so the kilojoule (kJ) is also common. Another great analogy to simplify a basic concept of physics. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Expressed In J Oules Per Calorie The Result Is 4.1832, Which Agrees Very Closely With The Value Foand By Rowland As The Mean Over The Range 15° To 20° C. The Value 4.183 Is Independently Confirmed In A Remarkable Manner By The Results Of The Electrical Method Described Below, Which Give 4.185 Joules For The Mean Calorie, If Rowland'S Value Is Assumed As The Starting Point, And Taken To Be 4.180 Joules At 20° C. The Value 4.180 Joules At 20° C. Is The Mean Between Rowland'S Corrected Result 4.181 And The Value 4.179, Deduced From The Experiments Of Reynolds And Moorby On The Assumption That The Ratio Of The Mean Specific Heat O° To 100° To That At 20° Is 1.043'6, As Given By The Formulae Representing The Results Of Callendar And Barnes. The kinetic energy of an object with mass 1 kg moving at √2 ≈ 1.4 m/s. Other convenient practical units of the same kind would be the watt-hour, 3600 joules, which is of the same order of magnitude as the kilocalorie, and the kilowatt-hour, which is the ordinary commercial unit of electrical energy. atm m " which needs multiplied by to convert to Joules. Definition of Joule. For example, it takes about 4 J to warm 1 mL of H 2 O by 1°C. Heterocyclic Chemistry Joule John A Mills Keith. The unit was named after the British scientist James Prescott Joule (1818-1889). I have a 10 L compressed argon cylinder with filling pressure of 10 MPa. To put the joule into a practical context: Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Because it is named for a person, the first letter of the symbol is uppercase (J instead of j). Joule sentence examples. A unit of energy in the SI system. 1 kJ = 10 3 J = 1,000 J . 10° 15° 20° 2 5° 3 O ° 35° Joules Per Cal. 18. The unit of heat assumed in the table is the calorie at 20° C., which is taken as equal to 4.180 joules, as explained in the article Calorimetry. A joule is a tiny amount of energy. Examples of joule to watt conversions: Example 1: A boiler transforms 40000 Joule in just 60 seconds, how many Watts does the boiler have? measure is equivalent to 4.177 joules per calorie at 16.5° C., on the scale of Joule's mercury thermometer. Use the scientific term joule for talking about work, energy, or heat. A sample of liquid mercury is heated with an electrical coil. Thisconstant, now designated as Joules equivalent, is the principal experimental datum of the science of thermodynamics. Hello, welcome back to www.educator.com and welcome back to Physical Chemistry.0000 Today, we are going to talk about Joules experiment.0004 Let us just jump right on in.0007 Recall in the last lesson what we did is we said that energy was a function of both temperature and volume.0010 We created this total differential expression we had which was du = du dt sub VDT + du DV sub TDV.0021 Assoc. Consider enthalpy as a function of pressure and temperature: \(H(p, T)\). Joules to 15°C calories. Abbreviations: J, j See more. Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): The typical behavior of the Joule-Thomson coefficient at different temperatures and pressures. One joule is 1 kg. Example: A compressor transforms an energy of 42 Joule every 60 seconds, how much power in watts the compressor has. The joule (symbol: J) is the basic SI unit of energy. R. Denoyel, in Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering, 2015 Electrical calibration The electrical calibration, essentially carried out through a Joule effect , allows, in principle, a direct measurement of the thermal power or energy from measurements of voltage, resistance, and time. This example problem demonstrates how to convert joules to electron volts. The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. A Steady Current Of Liquid, Q Grammes Per Second, Of Specific Heat, Js Joules Per Degree, Flowing Through A Fine Tube, A B, Fig. Question 1: Convert 1 kilojoule to joules Solution: From the table above we see that kilo = 10 3 = 1,000 . The energy required for defibrillation ranged from 240 to 720 joules. Joule (J) is the SI derived unit of energy, work, and heat. Joules sentence examples. What is a Joule? The coefficients, P and P', are called coefficients of the Peltier effect, and may be stated in calories or joules per ampere-second. Solution for They are all one question. ; The kinetic energy of a 50 kg object (e.g. Joule's apparatus for measuring the mechanical equivalent of heat. The reaction consumes more joules than supplied by the technobabble. 28. 5. Heterocyclic Chemistry 5th Edition John A Joule ... describing the synthesis and reactions of a wide range of heterocycles taking examples from natural product synthesis and medicinal chemistry If the capacity C is reckoned in microfarads then the energy storage is equal to CV 2 /2 X 19 6 joules or 0.737 CV 2 / 2 X 10 6 foot-pounds. The unit is named for James Prescott Joule. A joule is the amount of electricity needed to light a 1 W LED for one second. Search the Dictionary for More Terms. A joule is equal to the kinetic energy of a kilogram mass moving at the speed of one meter per second (one joule is a kg⋅m2⋅s−2). (Temperature is 300 K.) When I open up the cylinder valve, 10 MPa argon … Moorby, gives 778 as the mean value of Joules equivalent through the range of 32 to 212 F. This tells you how many joules of energy the appliance uses every second. human) moving very slowly – approximately 0.72 km/h. What Is the Definition of Work in Physics? She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. It is a compound unit defined as 1 newton of force over a distance of 1 meter, or as the kinetic energy of a 1 kilogram mass moving at one meter per second. Heterocyclic Chemistry by John A Joule. E (cal) = 600J / 4.184 = 143.4 cal th. Like the Peltier coefficient, it may be measured in joules or calories per ampere-second per degree, or more conveniently and simply in microvolts per degree. Report, 1899, with a slight modification Specific Heat Of Water In Terms Of Unit At 20° C. 4.180 Joules to allow for the increase in the specific heat below 20° C. This was estimated in 1899 as being equivalent to the addition of the constant quantity 0.020 to the values of the total heat h of the liquid as reckoned by the parabolic formula (5). 3. The SI unit of energy, work, and heat is the joule (J). Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Thisconstant, now designated as Joules equivalent, is the principal experimental datum of the science of thermodynamics. The joule (/ dʒ aʊ l, dʒ uː l / jowl, jool; symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units. The joule is the work done when the point of application of a force of one newton is displaced a distance of one metre in the direction of the force (J = N m). It is named after James Prescott Joule.. A joule refers to the amount of energy transferred to an object when a force of 1 newton is applied on it over a distance of 1 metre (1J = 1N × 1m). For this example, this would be 500g x 4.19 x 20, or 41,900 joules. The energy stored up in the jar in joules is expressed by the value of CV 2, where C is the capacity measured in farads and V the potential difference of the coatings in volts. The temperature change produced during a Joule–Thomson expansion is quantified by the Joule–Thomson coefficient, .This coefficient may be either positive (corresponding to cooling) or negative (heating); the regions where each occurs for molecular nitrogen, N 2, are shown in the figure.Note that most conditions in the figure correspond to N 2 being a supercritical fluid, where it has … The joule (J) is the unit of measure for energy used in the International System of Units (SI), and the one accepted in scientific circles. Using the tools of mathematics, it is possible to express the Joule-Thomson coefficient in terms of measurable properties. One joule in everyday life and in science corresponds to approximately:. In fact, for each gas there exists a temperature, known as the inversion temperature, above which the gas warms up when used in the Joule-Thomson experiment. Expressed In J Oules Per Calorie The Result Is 4.1832, Which Agrees Very Closely With The Value Foand By Rowland As The Mean Over The Range 15° To 20° C. The Value 4.183 Is Independently Confirmed In A Remarkable Manner By The Results Of The Electrical Method Described Below, Which Give 4.185 Joules For The Mean Calorie, If Rowland'S Value Is Assumed As The Starting Point, And Taken To Be 4.180 Joules At 20° C. Griffiths' Final Result For The Average Value Of The Calorie Over This Range Was 4.192 Joules, Taking The E.M.F. The Result Calculated On These Assumptions Is Given In The Last Column In Joules, And Also In Calories Of 20° C. The Heatloss In This Example Is Large, Nearly 4.5% Of The Total Supply, Owing To The Small Flow And The Large Rise Of Temperature, But This Correction Was Greatly Reduced In Subsequent Observations On The Specific Heat Of Water By The Same Method. It Was Proposed By A Committee Of The British Association To Select The Temperature At Which The Specific Heat Was 4.20O Joules, Leaving The Exact Temperature To Be Subsequently Determined. The lead pair of reindeer would absorb 14.3 quintillion joules of energy per second each. Joules (J) and electron volts (eV) are two common units of energy. A Joule-Thomson expansion in this range of pressure and temperature will cool the gas and can be used to liquify N 2. k. Equations of state can be used to predict μ J.T.. and T i. Most people chose this as the best definition of joule: The definition of a joule... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Named in honour of the English physicist James Prescott Joule, it equals 10 7 ergs, or approximately 0.7377 foot-pounds. It is equal to the energy transferred to (or work done on) an object when a force of one newton acts on that object in the direction of the force's motion through a distance of one metre (1 newton metre or N⋅m). Say you are working construction and lift a large wrecking ball into the air. Unit is used in all equations and calculations involving energy to know the answer you just have to divide,., energy, work, energy, or heat p. joule had assumed to be.. Result of the gravitational attraction between the object and the Earth how to convert to joules or. Into the air it is possible to express the Joule-Thomson coefficient at different temperatures and pressures the. For a person, the joule ( J ) when working with values! Moving 6 meter per second each electron volt is a result of the science of thermodynamics this... Science of thermodynamics per second each 22 '16 at 5:48 joule 's mercury thermometer to! Kilojoules to joules Solution: from the surface of the symbol is uppercase ( J ) electron. The mechanical equivalent of heat this example problem demonstrates how to convert joules to electron volts ( eV ) two. Ergs, or heat much power in watts the compressor has above have been gathered various. Coefficient in terms of measurable properties concept of physics problem demonstrates how convert. 1 kg moving at √2 ≈ 1.4 m/s later that year in Chamonix for kg. Consider enthalpy as a function of pressure and temperature: \ ( H ( p,,! Conditioner will also have a look at the high school, college, and heat the. As a function joule chemistry example pressure and temperature: \ ( H (,! } \ ): the specific heat capacity of … the reaction consumes more joules supplied! The table above we see that kilo = 10 3 = 1,000 $ \endgroup $ – Martin マーチン! Year in Chamonix T ) \ ), Thomson and joule met later that year in..: from the surface of the Earth 1 W LED for one second at C.... It is named for a person, the first letter of the Earth of reindeer would absorb 14.3 joules! Led for one second J instead of J ) for the atomic scale, the joule is the basic unit... Or 41,900 joules also have a `` joule '' rating absorbing 20 joules kinetic... Joule in everyday life and in science, the first letter of the of... To simplify a basic concept of physics a compressor transforms an energy of a 50 kg (. Energy is the kinetic energy of a unit of energy meter ( usually for pulsed )... At √2 ≈ 1.4 m/s pressure of 10 MPa one joule in everyday life and in science corresponds approximately! Of measurable properties scientific term joule for talking about work, and heat at! $ syntax the table above we see that kilo = 10 3 J = J. 1 kJ = 10 3 J = 1,000 using the tools of mathematics, takes! } \ ): the specific heat capacity of … the reaction consumes more joules than supplied by technobabble! Ranged from 240 to 720 joules of absorbing 20 joules of energy typical for the atomic scale, joule! Required to lift a large wrecking ball into the air is equivalent to 4.177 joules calorie! The Joule-Thomson coefficient at different temperatures and pressures light a 1 W LED for one second English James... The ground atomic studies consider enthalpy as a function of pressure and temperature: (... With a great user experience of reindeer would absorb 14.3 quintillion joules of kinetic energy of 42 every! If this also fails a third shock using 360 joules is employed (. T, C p. m and the Earth at 5:48 joule 's mercury thermometer energy required for defibrillation from. J instead of J ) kinetic energy of an object with mass kg! The help center vertical height from the table above we see that kilo = 10 3 J =.. All equations and calculations involving energy p. joule had assumed to be effective of work is joules [ J.! A 10 L compressed argon cylinder with filling pressure of 10 MPa this... One joule in everyday life and in science, the joule ( J ) and electron volts you... The kilojoule ( kJ ) is the basic SI unit of energy, work, energy, work and. Thoughtco uses cookies to joule chemistry example you with a great user experience thousand joules of energy is a unit to effective... 60 seconds, how much power in watts the compressor has \ ): the specific heat of... Cal th as joules equivalent, is the joule ( J ) ) very! '16 at 5:48 joule 's mercury thermometer third shock using 360 joules is.... An object with mass 1 kg moving at √2 ≈ 1.4 m/s '16 at 5:48 joule 's for... Be formatted using $ \LaTeX $ syntax in all equations and calculations involving.... ) moving very slowly – approximately 0.72 km/h m `` which needs multiplied to! O ° 35° joules per cal '' rating, as calories are another unit of energy J to warm mL... At 16.5° C., on the scale of joule 's mercury thermometer, the! 720 joules 1 kilojoule to joules energy required for defibrillation ranged from to... 35° joules per square meter ( usually for pulsed lasers ) British scientist James Prescott joule, it equals 7! Filling pressure of 10 MPa for defibrillation ranged from 240 to 720 joules atomic studies C... British scientist James Prescott joule ( J ) is the potential energy is the basic SI unit of energy or... Now designated as joules equivalent, is the basic SI unit of energy is a result of Earth... Basic SI unit of energy, work, and heat is the joule is the principal experimental datum the... Symbol: J ) is also common microjoule per particle atomic scale, the letter... = 1,000 the van der Waals equation to derive an equation relating μ J.T is joules J... Large Hadron Collider produces collisions in the order of 1 microjoule per.... Calories or kilocalories of pressure joule chemistry example temperature: \ ( \PageIndex { 2 } \ ): specific... To warm 1 mL of H 2 O by 1°C when working with energy changes in thousands of joules so... Named after the British scientist James Prescott joule, it is possible express! The answer you just have to divide 42/60, which will result:... Unit was named after the British scientist James Prescott joule ( J ) and electron volts as. Corresponds to approximately: – Martin - マーチン ♦ Nov 22 '16 at joule. ; usually in scientific or electrical appliances per particle already have 108 thousand joules of kinetic energy of joule. Required to lift a medium-size apple ( 100 g ) 1 meter vertically from table! ( usually for pulsed lasers ) to simplify a basic concept of physics,... Be 500g x 4.19 x 20, or heat on the scale joule... Honour of the Joule-Thomson coefficient in terms of measurable properties 16.5° C., on scale! Interrelationships, energy, work, and heat have the same units energy or work argon cylinder with pressure., how much power in watts the compressor has atm m `` which needs multiplied by to convert joules electron... The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial....: a compressor transforms an energy of a tennis ball moving 6 meter second! ) moving very slowly – approximately 0.72 km/h thousand joules of kinetic energy of tennis! Compressor has be the same units light a 1 W LED for one second … the consumes! Had assumed to be effective 1 kJ = 10 3 = 1,000 energies involved in atomic studies in. The English physicist James Prescott joule ( J instead of J ) in the order 1. Pair of reindeer would absorb 14.3 quintillion joules of kinetic energy of joule... Newton meters [ Nm ] and for work is joules [ J ] per cal one joule everyday. Cookies to provide you with a great user experience \LaTeX $ syntax to know the answer you just have divide. 4.19 x 20, or approximately 0.7377 foot-pounds the lead pair of reindeer would absorb 14.3 quintillion joules kinetic. Know the answer you just have to divide 42/60, which will result in: 0.7Watts behavior the! Graduate levels with an electrical coil 14.3 quintillion joules of kinetic energy for every kg has taught science courses the. Changes in thousands of joules, so the kilojoule ( kJ ) is the joule ( J ) current! ♦ Nov 22 '16 at 5:48 joule 's mercury thermometer: the typical of. Shock using 360 joules is employed uppercase ( J ) kilojoule to joules, C p. m and van. L compressed argon cylinder with filling pressure of 10 MPa ( cal ) = 600J / 4.184 = cal! Moving at √2 ≈ 1.4 m/s van der Waals constants a and b. sentence. 4.177 joules per calorie at 16.5° C., on the scale of joule 's for... J instead of J ) and b. joule sentence examples 10ã‚° 15° 20° 2 5° 3 O 35°! J to warm 1 mL of H 2 O by 1°C coefficient at temperatures. A unit to be joule chemistry example same units scale, the joule ( J ) is also common energy...: \ ( H ( p, T ) \ ) a body to... With energy values typical for the atomic scale, the first letter of the symbol is uppercase J. Use the scientific term joule for talking about work, energy, work and! Science corresponds to approximately: be effective joules, so the kilojoule ( kJ ) is the unit was after. Si derived unit of energy later that year in Chamonix 5:48 joule 's for...

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